Diamond Burnishing Tools

Diamond Burnishing Tools Range

Nowadays, hardened steels find extensive application in the automobile sector, namely for the production of pinions, camshafts, crankshafts, and crown wheels. Since these parts usually work under dynamic loading circumstances, their fatigue strength should be of high level. 
When the hardness of such parts exceeds 45 HRC, their machining is described as hard.
Since precision hard turning has the ability to replace traditional grinding in machining hardened components, its usage in the industrial sector has expanded dramatically.
However, later it was found that hard turning does not provide sufficient surface finish or proper hardness in the subsurface layers and can result in tensile residual stresses, having unfavorable effects on fatigue life span.
Thus, to overcome these limits of hard turning, a finishing operation, like slide diamond burnishing, is required after hard turning to obtain proper surface integrity.

Diamond Burnishing is a finishing process that resembles turning kinematically but without chip removal, in which a deforming tool with a spherical grounded and polished diaomnd slides under pressure over the surface of the workpiece, causing plastic deformation.
The main merits of the process are improving the corrosion and wear resistance, increasing the microhardness, decreasing the surface roughness, inducing compressive residual stresses, and refining the microstructure of the surface.
As a result of that, the fatigue strength of the workpiece will be improved. These advantages make it possible to substitute grinding by using diamond burnishing of hard-turned steel components.

Both conventional and CNC lathe machines are mostly used for performing the burnishing process. As the workpiece rotates, the burnishing head is forced against it and moves axially. The basic controlling parameters of the diamond burnisging process are the
burnishing force (, N),
burnishing feed (, mm/rev),
rotational speed of the component (, rpm),
or the burnishing speed (, m/min),
and the wear of the diamond radius (, mm).

So far, many studies have been conducted to investigate the influence of burnishing parameters and their interactions on the outputs of the diamond burnishing process, like surface roughness, surface residual stresses, microhardness, and microstructure.
The results of those studies show that the efficacy of the diamond burnishing process highly depends on the range of the applied burnishing parameters and their interactions, the type of burnished material and its hardness, and the environment of the burnishing process, like lubrication and wear of the diamond radius.

To investigate the effect of the diamond burnishing process on the resultant surface roughness, we provide links below. (Coming Soon )